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2nd Grade MAP Enrichment


 Second Grade

Second Grade

MAP Enrichment Words

Please go over these words with your child.

simile Compares two unlike things and is often introduced by like or as (as pretty as a picture/ as cute as a buttom)
 onomatopoeia    Naming something by imitating the sound associated with it. (buzz, brrr)
digit A number
counting order Numbers or multiples of numbers in numerical order (1,2,3,4,5/ 2,4,6,8,/ 10,20, 30, 40)
 Expository Writing Writing that tells facts about or explains something 
Thesis statement  A statement that someone wants to discuss or prove 
Compatible numbers  Numbers that are easy to compute mentally 
 Commutative Property of Addition The property which states that when the order of two or more addends is changed, the sum is the same. (Example: 4+6=10, 6+4=10) 
Expository Writing   writing that tells facts about or explains something  
Thesis statement   a statement that someone wants to discuss or prove  
 Compatible numbers  numbers that are easy to compute mentally  
Commutative Property of Addition   The property which states that when the order of two or more addends is changed, the sum is the same. (Example: 4+6=10, 6+4=10)  
Predicate Noun  Noun used in the predicate with a verb
Salutation  a greeting (Dear_____)  
 Inverse Operation  Opposite operations that undo each other; addition and subtraction are inverse operations; Example: 5+4=9, so 9-4=5)  
 Magic Square 

a square filled with the numbers 1-9 (each one used once) so that the sum of every row and every column is the same

2nd Gr. Math Magic Square

Declarative Sentence  A sentence that tells something 
Imagery  Language that causes people to imagine pictures in their mind (the pitter-patter of the rain) 
Dual Bar Graph 

Two sets of similar information which can be contrasted by displaying both sets of the same graph

Dual Bar Graph

 Frequency Table

A table that uses numbers to record data about how often something happens 

Frequency Table

Scene  One part of a play 
 Fantasy  Something produced by the imagination with unnatural events or characters 
Circle Graph 

A graph using a circle that is divided into pie-shaped sections showing parts of the whole. 

circle graph

 Place Value 

Determines the value of a digit in a number based on its location. 

Place Value Chart

 Decade  A measure of time equal to 10 years 
 Century  A measure of time equal to 100 years 
 Chronological  In the order that things happened 
Rising Action  The part of the plot that happens before the climax 
 Decameter  Unit of length equal to 100 meters 
 Decimeter  Unit of length equal to 10 centimeters 
Headline  Words at the head of a passage to introduce it 
Imperative Sentence A sentence that gives a command 
Ton  Unit for measuring weight equal to 2,000 pounds 
Rod  Unit of length equal to 5.5 yards
 Irony Use of words to convey a meaning that is opposite of what you would expect
Noun Clause  example: What I had for breakfast was tasty.
celsius a temperature measurement scale used in the metric system. 0-freezing/100-boiling/37-temperature of human body
fahrenheit a temperature measurement scale. 32-freezing/212-boiling point of water/98.6-human body temperature
 to inform to give information or knowledge
persuasion to urge to do something (example: "Buy White Srips for much whiter teeth")
million equal to one thousand thousands - 1,000,000
billion equal to one thousand million - 1,000,000,000
personification giving an inanimate object personal characteristics
inference a conclusion based on clues or evidence
 inquality  not equal
approximation  not exact but close enough to be used, an estimation
guide words  the first and last words found on a dictionary page
resolution  how a conflict was solved
 Associative Law of Addition  It doesn't matter how you group the numbers when you add. (2+4)+5=2+(4+5)
 Commutative Property of Addition  The property that states that "when the order of two or more addends is changed, the sum is the same." 4+5=5+4
Subject-verb agreement When the subject and verb are both singular or both plural ex. (the birds sing: not the birds sings)
Appositive A relationship between expressions that have the same function
 line  a straight path extending in both directions with no endpoint
line segment  a small section of a line which has no endpoints
 folk tale  a traditional story passed on from one generation to the next
 verb phrase  a group of words functioning as a verb
 mirror image  An image like a reflection in a mirror. Everything is the same, except reversed. The left and right sides are mirror images of each other.
square number The product of a number and itself 3X3=9; 9 is a square number.
thesaurus Book containing synonyms and antonyms
contrast To compare in order to show differences ( A dog barks, but a cat meows.)

 a tool used for measuring or drawing angles


 decimal point  Symbol used to separate dollars from cents or ones place from tenths place
fact  Something real or true
opinion  A personal belief or view
circumference  the distance around a circle Circumference
diameter  line segment that passes through the center of a circle with endpoints on the circle Diameter
adjective phrase a group of words that functions as an adjective
suffix a word ending
 Radius  line sigment with one endpoint at the center of a circle and the other endpoint on the circle. Radius
chord line segment with its endpoints on a circle Chord
falling action part of the plot occuring after the climax
viewpoint someone's perspective or position
vertical angle   

Opposite congruent angles formed to where two lines intersect

Vertical Angle 

straight angle   

an angle whose measure is 180 degrees

Straight Angle 

homophone   words that are pronounced the same but have different meanings (hear-here, pair-pare, stare-stair) 
quote   to repeat words that someone has said or written 

a quadrilateral with two distinct pairs of equal adjacent sides...a kite shaped figureKite

 net  a flat shape that can be folded up into a geometric solidNet
summary  a brief statement of main points
topic the subject or theme
mixed number  a number represented by a whole number and a fraction (Example: 2 1/2)
common denominator 

when two or more fractions have the same denominator (Example: 1/4 and 3/4)

format the organization, plan, style, or type of writing
organization how something is arranged or organized
 reduce  make smaller in size

rewording a text or passage

reference something used to give information (a book, newspaper, or encyclopedia)
persuasive writing  writing that urges someone to do something
divisible  When one number can be divided by another and the result is an exact whole number
prime number  a number that can only be divided evenly by itself and one. (Example: 5, 7, 11, & 13)
 supporting evidence  reasons that a certain opinion is held
Roman Numerals A numeral system used by the Ancient Romans (Ex; I=one, II=two, III=three, IV=four, V=five)
evaluate to determine the significance, worth, or quality of something
pont of view the position of the narrator in relation to the story
common multiple a multiple that is shared by two or more numbers. (example: 2X6=12, 3X4=12,  12 is a common multiple of 2, 3, 4, and 6)
square number   the product of a number and itself (3X3=9; 9 is a square)
mean (average) the number found by dividing the sum of a set of numbers by the numbers of addends
anecdote a short story about a particular event or incident
first person when the author refers to himself as I, or we if referring to a group
 scalene triangle

 a triangle with no congruent sides

2nd Gr. Triangles

isosceles triangle

a triangle with two congruent sides

syllables a word segment which contains a vowel (an-te-lope)
 tone  mood; a particular style or manner (The scary story had an ominous tone.)
 median  The middle number. The median of 1, 3, 4, 6, and 7 is 4.
dependent clause

A clause that doesn't stand alone as a sentence, but depends on another clause to complete its meaning (When I got there, she was asleep.)

drama a story to be performed by actors on a stage, radio, or television