# 2nd Grade MAP Enrichment simile Compares two unlike things and is often introduced by like or as (as pretty as a picture/ as cute as a buttom) onomatopoeia Naming something by imitating the sound associated with it. (buzz, brrr) digit A number counting order Numbers or multiples of numbers in numerical order (1,2,3,4,5/ 2,4,6,8,/ 10,20, 30, 40) Expository Writing Writing that tells facts about or explains something Thesis statement A statement that someone wants to discuss or prove Compatible numbers Numbers that are easy to compute mentally Commutative Property of Addition The property which states that when the order of two or more addends is changed, the sum is the same. (Example: 4+6=10, 6+4=10) Expository Writing writing that tells facts about or explains something Thesis statement a statement that someone wants to discuss or prove Compatible numbers numbers that are easy to compute mentally Commutative Property of Addition The property which states that when the order of two or more addends is changed, the sum is the same. (Example: 4+6=10, 6+4=10) Predicate Noun Noun used in the predicate with a verb Salutation a greeting (Dear_____) Inverse Operation Opposite operations that undo each other; addition and subtraction are inverse operations; Example: 5+4=9, so 9-4=5) Magic Square a square filled with the numbers 1-9 (each one used once) so that the sum of every row and every column is the same Declarative Sentence A sentence that tells something Imagery Language that causes people to imagine pictures in their mind (the pitter-patter of the rain) Dual Bar Graph Two sets of similar information which can be contrasted by displaying both sets of the same graph Frequency Table A table that uses numbers to record data about how often something happens Scene One part of a play Fantasy Something produced by the imagination with unnatural events or characters Circle Graph A graph using a circle that is divided into pie-shaped sections showing parts of the whole. Place Value Determines the value of a digit in a number based on its location. Decade A measure of time equal to 10 years Century A measure of time equal to 100 years Chronological In the order that things happened Rising Action The part of the plot that happens before the climax Decameter Unit of length equal to 100 meters Decimeter Unit of length equal to 10 centimeters Headline Words at the head of a passage to introduce it Imperative Sentence A sentence that gives a command Ton Unit for measuring weight equal to 2,000 pounds Rod Unit of length equal to 5.5 yards Irony Use of words to convey a meaning that is opposite of what you would expect Noun Clause example: What I had for breakfast was tasty. celsius a temperature measurement scale used in the metric system. 0-freezing/100-boiling/37-temperature of human body fahrenheit a temperature measurement scale. 32-freezing/212-boiling point of water/98.6-human body temperature to inform to give information or knowledge persuasion to urge to do something (example: "Buy White Srips for much whiter teeth") million equal to one thousand thousands - 1,000,000 billion equal to one thousand million - 1,000,000,000 personification giving an inanimate object personal characteristics inference a conclusion based on clues or evidence inquality not equal approximation not exact but close enough to be used, an estimation guide words the first and last words found on a dictionary page resolution how a conflict was solved Associative Law of Addition It doesn't matter how you group the numbers when you add. (2+4)+5=2+(4+5) Commutative Property of Addition The property that states that "when the order of two or more addends is changed, the sum is the same." 4+5=5+4 Subject-verb agreement When the subject and verb are both singular or both plural ex. (the birds sing: not the birds sings) Appositive A relationship between expressions that have the same function line a straight path extending in both directions with no endpoint line segment a small section of a line which has no endpoints folk tale a traditional story passed on from one generation to the next verb phrase a group of words functioning as a verb mirror image An image like a reflection in a mirror. Everything is the same, except reversed. The left and right sides are mirror images of each other. square number The product of a number and itself 3X3=9; 9 is a square number. thesaurus Book containing synonyms and antonyms contrast To compare in order to show differences ( A dog barks, but a cat meows.) protractor a tool used for measuring or drawing angles decimal point Symbol used to separate dollars from cents or ones place from tenths place fact Something real or true opinion A personal belief or view circumference the distance around a circle diameter line segment that passes through the center of a circle with endpoints on the circle adjective phrase a group of words that functions as an adjective suffix a word ending Radius line sigment with one endpoint at the center of a circle and the other endpoint on the circle. chord line segment with its endpoints on a circle falling action part of the plot occuring after the climax viewpoint someone's perspective or position vertical angle Opposite congruent angles formed to where two lines intersect straight angle an angle whose measure is 180 degrees homophone words that are pronounced the same but have different meanings (hear-here, pair-pare, stare-stair) quote to repeat words that someone has said or written kite a quadrilateral with two distinct pairs of equal adjacent sides...a kite shaped figure net a flat shape that can be folded up into a geometric solid summary a brief statement of main points topic the subject or theme mixed number a number represented by a whole number and a fraction (Example: 2 1/2) common denominator when two or more fractions have the same denominator (Example: 1/4 and 3/4) format the organization, plan, style, or type of writing organization how something is arranged or organized reduce make smaller in size paraphrase rewording a text or passage reference something used to give information (a book, newspaper, or encyclopedia) persuasive writing writing that urges someone to do something divisible When one number can be divided by another and the result is an exact whole number prime number a number that can only be divided evenly by itself and one. (Example: 5, 7, 11, & 13) supporting evidence reasons that a certain opinion is held Roman Numerals A numeral system used by the Ancient Romans (Ex; I=one, II=two, III=three, IV=four, V=five) evaluate to determine the significance, worth, or quality of something pont of view the position of the narrator in relation to the story common multiple a multiple that is shared by two or more numbers. (example: 2X6=12, 3X4=12,  12 is a common multiple of 2, 3, 4, and 6) square number the product of a number and itself (3X3=9; 9 is a square) mean (average) the number found by dividing the sum of a set of numbers by the numbers of addends anecdote a short story about a particular event or incident first person when the author refers to himself as I, or we if referring to a group scalene triangle a triangle with no congruent sides isosceles triangle a triangle with two congruent sides syllables a word segment which contains a vowel (an-te-lope) tone mood; a particular style or manner (The scary story had an ominous tone.) median The middle number. The median of 1, 3, 4, 6, and 7 is 4. dependent clause A clause that doesn't stand alone as a sentence, but depends on another clause to complete its meaning (When I got there, she was asleep.) drama a story to be performed by actors on a stage, radio, or television 