2nd Grade MAP Enrichment
Second Grade
MAP Enrichment Words
Please go over these words with your child.
simile  Compares two unlike things and is often introduced by like or as (as pretty as a picture/ as cute as a buttom) 
onomatopoeia  Naming something by imitating the sound associated with it. (buzz, brrr) 
digit  A number 
counting order  Numbers or multiples of numbers in numerical order (1,2,3,4,5/ 2,4,6,8,/ 10,20, 30, 40) 
Expository Writing  Writing that tells facts about or explains something 
Thesis statement  A statement that someone wants to discuss or prove 
Compatible numbers  Numbers that are easy to compute mentally 
Commutative Property of Addition  The property which states that when the order of two or more addends is changed, the sum is the same. (Example: 4+6=10, 6+4=10) 
Expository Writing  writing that tells facts about or explains something 
Thesis statement  a statement that someone wants to discuss or prove 
Compatible numbers  numbers that are easy to compute mentally 
Commutative Property of Addition  The property which states that when the order of two or more addends is changed, the sum is the same. (Example: 4+6=10, 6+4=10) 
Predicate Noun  Noun used in the predicate with a verb 
Salutation  a greeting (Dear_____) 
Inverse Operation  Opposite operations that undo each other; addition and subtraction are inverse operations; Example: 5+4=9, so 94=5) 
Magic Square 
a square filled with the numbers 19 (each one used once) so that the sum of every row and every column is the same

Declarative Sentence  A sentence that tells something 
Imagery  Language that causes people to imagine pictures in their mind (the pitterpatter of the rain) 
Dual Bar Graph 
Two sets of similar information which can be contrasted by displaying both sets of the same graph

Frequency Table 
A table that uses numbers to record data about how often something happens

Scene  One part of a play 
Fantasy  Something produced by the imagination with unnatural events or characters 
Circle Graph 
A graph using a circle that is divided into pieshaped sections showing parts of the whole. 
Place Value 
Determines the value of a digit in a number based on its location. 
Decade  A measure of time equal to 10 years 
Century  A measure of time equal to 100 years 
Chronological  In the order that things happened 
Rising Action  The part of the plot that happens before the climax 
Decameter  Unit of length equal to 100 meters 
Decimeter  Unit of length equal to 10 centimeters 
Headline  Words at the head of a passage to introduce it 
Imperative Sentence  A sentence that gives a command 
Ton  Unit for measuring weight equal to 2,000 pounds 
Rod  Unit of length equal to 5.5 yards 
Irony  Use of words to convey a meaning that is opposite of what you would expect 
Noun Clause  example: What I had for breakfast was tasty. 
celsius  a temperature measurement scale used in the metric system. 0freezing/100boiling/37temperature of human body 
fahrenheit  a temperature measurement scale. 32freezing/212boiling point of water/98.6human body temperature 
to inform  to give information or knowledge 
persuasion  to urge to do something (example: "Buy White Srips for much whiter teeth") 
million  equal to one thousand thousands  1,000,000 
billion  equal to one thousand million  1,000,000,000 
personification  giving an inanimate object personal characteristics 
inference  a conclusion based on clues or evidence 
inquality  not equal 
approximation  not exact but close enough to be used, an estimation 
guide words  the first and last words found on a dictionary page 
resolution  how a conflict was solved 
Associative Law of Addition  It doesn't matter how you group the numbers when you add. (2+4)+5=2+(4+5) 
Commutative Property of Addition  The property that states that "when the order of two or more addends is changed, the sum is the same." 4+5=5+4 
Subjectverb agreement  When the subject and verb are both singular or both plural ex. (the birds sing: not the birds sings) 
Appositive  A relationship between expressions that have the same function 
line  a straight path extending in both directions with no endpoint 
line segment  a small section of a line which has no endpoints 
folk tale  a traditional story passed on from one generation to the next 
verb phrase  a group of words functioning as a verb 
mirror image  An image like a reflection in a mirror. Everything is the same, except reversed. The left and right sides are mirror images of each other. 
square number  The product of a number and itself 3X3=9; 9 is a square number. 
thesaurus  Book containing synonyms and antonyms 
contrast  To compare in order to show differences ( A dog barks, but a cat meows.) 
protractor 
a tool used for measuring or drawing angles

decimal point  Symbol used to separate dollars from cents or ones place from tenths place 
fact  Something real or true 
opinion  A personal belief or view 
circumference  the distance around a circle 
diameter  line segment that passes through the center of a circle with endpoints on the circle 
adjective phrase  a group of words that functions as an adjective 
suffix  a word ending 
Radius  line sigment with one endpoint at the center of a circle and the other endpoint on the circle. 
chord  line segment with its endpoints on a circle 
falling action  part of the plot occuring after the climax 
viewpoint  someone's perspective or position 
vertical angle 
Opposite congruent angles formed to where two lines intersect

straight angle 
an angle whose measure is 180 degrees

homophone  words that are pronounced the same but have different meanings (hearhere, pairpare, starestair) 
quote  to repeat words that someone has said or written 
kite 
a quadrilateral with two distinct pairs of equal adjacent sides...a kite shaped figure 
net  a flat shape that can be folded up into a geometric solid 
summary  a brief statement of main points 
topic  the subject or theme 
mixed number  a number represented by a whole number and a fraction (Example: 2 1/2) 
common denominator 
when two or more fractions have the same denominator (Example: 1/4 and 3/4) 
format  the organization, plan, style, or type of writing 
organization  how something is arranged or organized 
reduce  make smaller in size 
paraphrase 
rewording a text or passage 
reference  something used to give information (a book, newspaper, or encyclopedia) 
persuasive writing  writing that urges someone to do something 
divisible  When one number can be divided by another and the result is an exact whole number 
prime number  a number that can only be divided evenly by itself and one. (Example: 5, 7, 11, & 13) 
supporting evidence  reasons that a certain opinion is held 
Roman Numerals  A numeral system used by the Ancient Romans (Ex; I=one, II=two, III=three, IV=four, V=five) 
evaluate  to determine the significance, worth, or quality of something 
pont of view  the position of the narrator in relation to the story 
common multiple  a multiple that is shared by two or more numbers. (example: 2X6=12, 3X4=12, 12 is a common multiple of 2, 3, 4, and 6) 
square number  the product of a number and itself (3X3=9; 9 is a square) 
mean  (average) the number found by dividing the sum of a set of numbers by the numbers of addends 
anecdote  a short story about a particular event or incident 
first person  when the author refers to himself as I, or we if referring to a group 
scalene triangle 
a triangle with no congruent sides

isosceles triangle 
a triangle with two congruent sides 
syllables  a word segment which contains a vowel (antelope) 
tone  mood; a particular style or manner (The scary story had an ominous tone.) 
median  The middle number. The median of 1, 3, 4, 6, and 7 is 4. 
dependent clause 
A clause that doesn't stand alone as a sentence, but depends on another clause to complete its meaning (When I got there, she was asleep.) 
drama  a story to be performed by actors on a stage, radio, or television 